All Childhood Cancers


Rhabdomyocarcoma


Wilms Tumor


Hepatoblastoma


Neuroblastoma


Retinoblastoma

Text in quotes below are from www.cancer.org

Childhood Cancers
Did you know that children get cancer too? Below are some of the types of cancers that could affect children. Within these types, there are sub-types. All childhood cancers combined is represented by the color gold.

Rhabdomyocarcoma
"Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancer made up of cells that normally develop into skeletal muscles." (source www.cancer.org). There are 3 types of rhabdomyosarcoma: alveolar, embryonal and anaplastic. Rhabdomyosarcoma is represented by purple.

Wilms Tumor
"Wilms tumor (also called Wilms' tumor or nephroblastoma) is a type of cancer that starts in the kidneys. It is the most common type of kidney cancer in children. It is named after Max Wilms, a German doctor who wrote one of the first medical articles about the disease in 1899." (source www.cancer.org). Wilm's Tumor is represented by dark orange.

Hepatoblastoma
"This is a very rare kind of cancer that develops in children, usually in those younger than 4 years old. The cells of hepatoblastoma are similar to fetal liver cells." (source www.cancer.org). Hepatoblastoma is represented by dark green.

Neuroblastoma
"Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that starts in certain very early forms of nerve cells found in an embryo or fetus. (The term neuro refers to nerves, while blastoma refers to a cancer that affects immature or developing cells). This type of cancer occurs most often in infants and young children." (source www.cancer.org). Neuroblastoma is represented by purple

Retinoblastoma
"Retinoblastoma is a cancer that starts in the retina, the very back part of the eye. It is the most common type of eye cancer in children." (source www.cancer.org). Retinoblastoms is represented by white.

Leukemia
"Leukemia is a cancer that starts in early blood-forming cells found in the bone marrow, the soft inner part of certain bones. Most often, leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, but some leukemias start in other blood cell types." (source www.cancer.org). Leukemia is represented by orange. There are different types of Leukemia:"
•  Acute lymphocytic (lymphoblastic) leukemia (ALL):
About 3 out of 4 childhood leukemias are ALL. This leukemia starts from early forms of lymphocytes in the bone marrow.

• Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML):
This type of leukemia, also called acute myeloid leukemia, acute myelocytic leukemia, or acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, accounts for most of the remaining cases. AML starts from the myeloid cells that form white blood cells (other than lymphocytes), red blood cells, or platelets.

• Hybrid or mixed lineage leukemia:
In these rare leukemias, the cells have features of both ALL and AML.

• Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML):
This leukemia rarely occurs in children.

• Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL):
This leukemia is extremely rare in children.

• Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML):
This rare type of leukemia is neither chronic nor acute. It begins from myeloid cells."

Leukemia is represented by orange.

Brain cancers
There are different types of brain tumors. Brain tumors are represented by grey.

• Medulloblastoma:
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) that "start in the cerebellum are called medulloblastomas." Most PNETs in children are medulloblastomas. "

• Pineoblastoma:
"PNETs that occur in the pineal gland are called pineoblastomas."

• Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma:
"More often, brain stem gliomas grow diffusely throughout the brain stem, rather than growing as a focal tumor. These tumors often start in the pons, where they are called diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs). "

• Glioblastoma Multiform:
"Glioma is a general term for a group of tumors that start in glial cells." Glioblastoma Multiform is a type of glioma

For more brain cancers, please visit the American Cancer Society's website at www.cancer.org

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
"Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (sometimes called NHL, or just lymphoma) is a cancer that starts in cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the body's immune system. " Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is represented by lime green.

Hodgkin's Lymphoma
"Hodgkin disease (Hodgkin lymphoma) is a type of lymphoma, a cancer that starts in white blood cells called lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are part of the body's immune system." Hodgkin's lymphoma is represented by the color violet.

Ewing's Sarcoma
"The Ewing family of tumors is a group of cancers that start in the bones or nearby soft tissues that share some common features." "Ewing sarcoma that starts in a bone is the most common tumor in this family. This type of tumor was first described by Dr. James Ewing in 1921, who found it was different from the more common bone tumor, osteosarcoma. Seen under a microscope, its cells looked different from osteosarcoma cells." Ewing's sarcoma is represented by yellow.

Osteosarcoma
"Osteosarcoma (also called osteogenic sarcoma) is a type of cancer that starts in the bones." Osteosarcoma is represented by yellow.


Leukemia


Brain cancers


Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma


Hodgkin's Lymphoma


Ewing's Sarcoma


Osteosarcoma